The Directorate of Technical Education was established
in the year 1981 by the creation of a unified body for the administration
and control of the Institutions imparting Technical/ Vocational
Trainings in the State. The integration was felt necessary to co-ordinate
the related training activities and to affect more efficient utilization
of the mutual resources for the overall development of the training
scenario in the State.
There were a total of 21 Industrial Training Institutes
(ITI's) and 2 Polytechnics in the State at the time of the creation
of the Directorate and with the growth and diversification of the
activities of the Department, the number now stands at 37 ITI's
and 12 Polytechnics. The ITI's, providing a more fundamental type
of training, are located in all the major townships of the State
while as the Polytechnics, aiming at producing middle order technical
personnel, are located in the two capital cities of Srinagar and
The Department is the principal agency imparting
varied types of technical trainings in the State. The training activities
of the Deptt. are mainly centered in the Polytechnics and the Industrial
Training Institutes (ITI's) and can be grouped as under:
- Technician Training through the Polytechnics,
leading to the award of Diploma in Engineering/Non-Engineering
- Conduct of Non-formal courses under the Community
Polytechnic Scheme through Govt. and Private Polytechnics.
- Craftsman Training through the ITI's, leading
to the award of Diploma/Certificate in Craftsmanship.
- Apprenticeship Training in the field, leading
to the award of Diploma/Certificate in Apprenticeship.
The courses at (1) above are conducted under the
technical control of the All India Council of Technical Education
(AICTE) in the Ministry of Human Resource Development (HRD) at the
The courses at (2) are also conducted through the
Ministry of HRD. These are non-formal Courses of 3-6 months duration
and are conducted in the Polytechnics and also the Extension Centers
in the rural areas.
The course at (3) are job-oriented, with the purpose
of producing skilled workers and are conducted under the technical
leadership of the National Council for Vocational Training (NCVT)
through a network of ITI's in the State.
Courses at (4) are for actual industrial workers,
who are trained on the job as fully skilled workers. The scheme
is conducted through the National Apprenticeship Council (NAC) at
the national level.
Both NCVT and NAC are under the Ministry of Labour
(MOL) at the Centre.